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Star of Boston: The Life of Mary Baker Eddy by Helen M. Wright

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Picture Number 5

Yet wherefore signalize the birth
Of him ne'er born?

What can rehearse the glorious worth
Of his high morn?

Scriptural basis:
Before Abraham was I am. - Christ Jesus


The fifth picture shows Mrs. Eddy's thought as two angels rising above institutional church. The manhood phase of the angels, representing Christianity, is still worshiping, and the womanhood phase, representing Science, is looking for a higher thought.

These figures of angels represent the mission of woman as typing Science, and the mission of man as typing Christianity. The woman as a type of "spiritual discernment" (sight, S&H 586:3) is looking beyond the ken of manhood in her own consciousness of Womanhood; while the man as a type of "spiritual understanding," or "spiritual perception" (hearing, S&H 585:2), is worshiping his spiritual perception of her mission, as embracing the full end of his own discernment.

Mrs. Eddy interprets only two senses in the "Glossary" of Science and Health those of sight ("spiritual discernment") and hearing ("spiritual understanding"). She makes these two one in her definition of generic "Bride" "a sense of Soul, which has spiritual bliss and enjoys but cannot suffer" (S&H 582:14). She interprets "bridegroom" only as "spiritual understanding" (S&H 582:17), synonymous with "ears," or hearing (S&H 585:1). Thus "Bride" (Word) prophesies the encompassment of hearing by sight, or of man by woman, in fulfillment of Jeremiah's prophecy, "A woman shall compass a man" (Jer 31:22).

"Spiritual Understanding and Spiritual Discernment are the two highest faculties of Spirit, corresponding to hearing and sight...Spiritual Understanding came to the Apostles in Tongues of Fire" (Christian Science Journal, June 1886, p. 61) A tongue of fire (light) rests upon the head of each angel in this picture, showing each has his separate impartation of revelation.

The two angels are conjoined in a unified mission as characterized by their blending forms, although their consciousnesses are entirely distinct, expressed as the sight of woman and the hearing of man. Mrs. Eddy, in her article on "Christ and Christmas" in Miscellaneous Writings on page 374, speaks of the composite angel in this fifth picture as "a woman," which shows that one phase of this angel types the manhood of Woman (Christianity) and the other phase types the womanhood of Woman (Science) both being phases of the same composite Woman.

Christ and Christmas Reveals the Divine Mission of Our Leader

[Mrs. Orgain explains that] Judge Hanna in an article on Christ and Christmas (approved by Mrs. Eddy) stated that Christ and Christmas reveals "the God anointed mission of our Leader" and that therefor a corresponding identity to Mrs. Eddy's mission must be found in each picture. Here the female figure types Mrs. Eddy's consciousness as prophesying Womanhood as Bride or Word, symbolized by the book under her arm [not easily seen]. She looks beyond the embraced Word the revelation of the manhood of her own consciousness in the first and second editions of Science and Health into the revelation of Womanhood in the unreleased third edition of Science and Health as her own consciousness. The male figure types the manhood of her own consciousness. Worshiping Womanhood's past revelation of true manhood (in the first and second editions) he identifies the limit of manhood consciousness.

The womanhood of Woman is watchfully looking into a higher position than the book under her arm her past revelation of manhood has yet demanded. The "Glossary" to Science and Health (defining "Abel") links "Watchfulness" with "self-offering; surrendering to the creator the early fruits of experience." Mrs. Eddy is offering her past revelation, the closed book under her arm, to her higher revelation of Womanhood, which she was about to release in the third edition of Science and Health, still at the press, wherein "the female idea" embraces "the male idea" as the wedded consciousness of "two individual natures in one" (S&H 577:6).

The manhood of Woman, as illustrated in this picture, having reached the limit of his mission, offers "worship," which Mrs. Eddy associates with Cain's offering of the "fruits of the ground" (S&H 541:10), or earth's demonstration as the exclusive mission of manhood [Christianity].

The "two witnesses" ascend in response to the voice of heaven to a unified consciousness of woman's higher vision than the "fatherhood of God" could reveal through the manhood of Woman. "As Elias presented the idea of the fatherhood of God, which Jesus afterwards manifested, so the Revelator completed this figure with woman, typifying the spiritual idea of God's motherhood" (S&H 562:3). These angels' partly divided and partly blended forms are approaching Mrs. Eddy's definition of Bride as, "The Lamb's wife [which] presents the unity of male and female as no longer two wedded individuals, but as two individual natures in one" (S&H 577:4)

The stanza of the poem corresponding to picture five is: "Yet wherefore signalize the birth of him ne'er born?"

The Scriptural basis given by Mrs. Eddy for this stanza is: "Before Abraham was, I am." Christ Jesus.

The Glossary verse given for this picture replaces Jesus with the Christ. Jesus said, "Before Abraham was, I am." The "I" in this statement of Jesus indicates that this picture illustrates the "birth" of the Christ idea of Jesus' second coming as Truth to the human consciousness, coming as the "Comforter," promised by Jesus, meaning the Second Coming of the Christ. The "I am" of each of us is forever. [This "I AM" is "the kingdom of God within our consciousness, and is our true Mind.]

Only the ascending angels in this picture can even measurably understand the meaning of this deep saying of Jesus, "Before Abraham was, I am." Certainly it is not given to the grave (beneath the angels), typing Christianity's entombment of Jesus, to know it; for Christianity follows Jesus only to the point of crucifixion. His resurrection and ascension are regarded as beyond Christianity's demonstration.

Nevertheless, the grave of Christianity's entombment of the Christ-idea, below the angels in this fifth picture, cracks at this renewed voice of the Christ through Christian Science, which antedates the birth of Jesus. Mrs. Eddy says "Christian Science is as old as God" (S&H 146). Neither "womb" (beginning), nor "tomb" (ending) claims power over the Christ. [See S&H 117:19]

Jesus, being born of "womb," was forced to triumph over the "tomb." Thus Christianity lies between these two points of conception.

Christian Science, on the other hand, starts in the human consciousness with resurrection and ascension (S&H 35:10-18), as typed by the angels in this picture. Therefore it knows nothing of either "womb" or "tomb."

The long and toilsome Christian "highway" (Isaiah 35:8) in this fifth picture, starting with the grave, knows nothing of this Scriptural text, "Before Abraham was, I am." It is equally certain that the institutional church to the left of the highway, with its toilsome processes to attain an ever and always-present goal (the perfection of man) knows little of the meaning of the statement, "Before Abraham was, I am."


Early on the morn of July 16, 1904, the cornerstone of the extension to The Mother Church was laid at 8 o'clock. The corner stone for the original Mother Church had been laid in the evening. The extension was a fitting crown to the cross of the original Mother Church.

Mrs. Eddy writes, "The modest edifice of The Mother Church of Christ, Scientist, began with the cross; its excelsior extension is the crown.... Its crowning ultimate rises to a mental monument [of which the extension building is a symbol. But this mental monument rises to] a superstructure high above the work of men's hands, even the outcome of their hearts, giving to the material a spiritual significance the speed, beauty, and achievements of goodness. Methinks this church is the one edifice on earth which most prefigures self-abnegation, hope, faith; love catching a glimpse of glory" (My. 6).

As the sun dawns, the darkness disappears with great speed. To the artist of a picture of The Mother Church called Dawn, that Mrs. Eddy had in her library, she wrote, "Your picture of the Mother Church of Christ, Scientist, distinguishes the artist, points a history, and illuminates it." This was her reply to the artist's letter of July 27, 1907, in which he said; "I represent the Christ Science Church rising unharmed out of the smoke of contending factions, the struggle of creeds and all sort of 'isms' for supremacy." (See Christian Science Sentinel, Vol. X, p. 732.)

Mrs. Eddy never came closer to the extension than to drive one day in her carriage to a spot where she could see its great dome looming high against the blue sky, just as she depicted it in this picture of Christ and Christmas.

[Mr. Carpenter tells us that as Mrs. Eddy viewed the extension from her carriage it suddenly dawned on her what was in store for her Movement, as outlined in Revelation 13-20, and she became ill.]

Perhaps our Leader had seen the vision of the Extension many years prior to its building, and she was willing to see only what God revealed to her in vision the crowning dome, [each one's awareness of "the omnipresence of present perfection"]. She had [evidently] seen it as early as 1893 when picture number five was drawn, [whereas the extension wasn't built until 1904.]

Our Leader was content to abide with the substance rather than the symbol. At the opening ceremonies, she was not present. She sat in her study many miles away in Concord, watching, working, and praying for humanity, [as we see her doing in picture 8].

She saw the dome [in Mind] and on April 8, 1906 she wrote, "I have faith in the givers and in the builders of this church edifice, admiration for and faith in the grandeur and sublimity of this superb superstructure, wherein all vanity of victory disappears and the glory of divinity appears in all its promise" (Miscellany 25).

On June 2, 1906, precisely eight days before the dedication, sufficient funds were on hand for its completion. It seated 5,012. This symbolized her crowning achievement in feeding humanity through spiritual means alone, just as Jesus fed the five thousand and the twelve disciples a tender, mothering Shepherd feeding her children.

Years before, Mrs. Eddy wrote to a student, "Jesus no doubt supplied the literal loaf and fish to their sense so as to impress upon them at that period, the Christian era, the fact of his two-fold power, as the Wayshower, or mediator between the things of the flesh and those of Spirit. This was his mission on earth, declaratively and demonstrably from the beginning to the end.

"Not so is the Christ's appearing at this age. Rather is it now to show through Science and not the senses the power of Spirit and of Good, and to spiritualize all the meaning of the Christ, to name Christ the idea and not the person of God, and to impress, at this period, the Science of Spirit on the mind, through Truth, and the phenomena of Mind, and not matter: to voice God less in parable, and more in the facts of Being. This must be the true interpretation of the parable of the loaves and fishes, because Jesus could in no other way have made the way for the second appearing of Christ in Science."

The morning beams were beginning to dawn in the Movement. All that was portrayed in "Christmas Eve" was beginning to be overcome, and the light was shining forth with greater intensity and with a more brilliant magnitude than had been seen before.

We are asked two questions in this portion of the poem. Why should we mark the birth of the Christ idea as remarkable, as something eminent or notable? Secondly, what can repeat the glorious worth and value of the risen Christ or the First Advent?

Considering the first question, we see that it must be answered in a positive manner. A recognition of the new old birth of the Christ in our experience must come. We must acknowledge the channel through which it comes, else it has little relevance to our experience. The birth of the Christ must be recognized, even though we know that the Christ, as the spiritual idea of God, is never born in the flesh. The birth we speak of, is its appearance to humanity through the enlightened consciousness of a clear transparency.

Next, we ask ourselves what can possibly repeat, for the second time, the glorious worth or value of the risen Christ? We answer that only Christian Science can give utterance to this Christ idea, eclipsing the cross, the symbol of Christianity, with the crown, the symbol of Science. This is the Second Advent, the second witnessing, rehearsing, repeating, the first witnessing of the Christ.

Thus the two questions asked in this portion of the poem are answered through a recognition of the two witnesses. The birth must be recognized, and it can only be recognized, spiritually, through Christian Science. Christian Science reveals the two witnesses.

This "Christmas Morn" is the healing to "Christmas Eve." Mrs. Eddy wrote a letter in 1903 to some students, in which she said;

May this dear Christmas season be to you a Christ risen, a morn, the break of day. There is nothing jubilant attached to the birth of a mortal that suffers and pays the penalty of his parents' misconception of man and of God's creation. But there is a joy unutterable in knowing that Christ had no birth, no death, and that we may find in Christ, in the true sense of being, life apart from birth, sorrow, sin; and death. O may your eyes not be holden, but may you discern spiritually what is our Redeemer."

The manhood and womanhood of God's appearing are clearly illustrated in this fifth picture. You will notice that [the angels'] seamless garment is one garment, but clothes both witnesses. It is the healing Christ, the babe of Christian Science healing. The path can be traveled only when we recognize the two witnesses. When this recognition comes, a new era will dawn. It will truly be a "blest Christmas Morn." These two angels represent Truth as revealed by His two witnesses.

In Revelation, we read: "And there was war in heaven: Michael and his angels fought against the dragon [old theology]; and the dragon fought, and his angels, and prevailed not; neither was their place found any more in heaven."

Explaining this, Mrs. Eddy says, "The Old Testament assigns to the angels, God's divine messages, different offices. Michael's characteristic is spiritual strength. He leads the host of heaven against the power of sin, Satan, and fights the Holy wars.

"Gabriel has the more quiet task of imparting a sense of the ever-presence of ministering Love.... The Gabriel of His presence has no contests. To infinite, ever-present Love, all is Love, and there is no error, no sin, sickness, nor death. Against Love, the dragon [old theology] warreth not long, for he is killed by the divine Principle. Truth and Love prevail against the dragon because the dragon cannot war with them. Thus endeth the conflict between the flesh and Spirit" (S&H 566-7). That is why this picture is oval, and nears the stage of complete perfection realized in "Christian Unity." Gabriel symbolizes the feminine idea of Love. Michael symbolizes the masculine idea of Truth. Thus, together these angels represent the risen Christ, as revealed through His two witnesses.

"My angels are exalted thoughts, appearing at the door of some sepulchre, in which human belief has buried its fondest earthly hopes. With white fingers they point upward to a new and glorified trust, to higher ideals of life and its joys. Angels are God's [your true Mind's] representatives. These upward-soaring beings never lead towards self, sin, or materiality, but guide to the divine Principle of all good, whither every real individuality, image, or likeness of God [your true Mind], gathers" (S&H, 299). Who are His representatives who guide? His two witnesses.

As Mrs. Eddy's accomplishments begin to burst forth and her place is recognized, then will mankind receive the angelic message. She says, "The objects of time and sense disappear in the illumination of spiritual understanding, and Mind measures time according to the good that is unfolded. This unfolding is God's day [Mind's day, the day of "the kingdom of God within you"], and 'there shall be no night there'" (S&H 584).

The day of the seed of the Woman [woman means Christ] approaching its complete fulfillment, is glimpsed in this picture. This is why it is oval. It is nearing the completion or full recognition of the two witnesses given in "Christian Unity." The two angels and the dome are in the "FIRMAMENT: Spiritual understanding; the scientific line of demarcation between Truth and error, between Spirit and so-called matter" (ibid 586).

The followers of the masculine and feminine appearing of the Christ, Truth, are the remnant, who recognize these two witnesses, and who appear in this picture in the wake of their robes [where you can see the many faces in the original pictures.] They are partially in the human and partially in the divine.

The two witnesses guide this remnant towards the light and away from the attraction of animality, animal magnetism, represented by the very dark tree of the knowledge of good and evil, just below their train [no longer discernible].

Immediately following her explanation of angels on page 299 of Science and Health, Mrs. Eddy says, "Knowledge gained from material sense is figuratively represented in Scripture as a tree, bearing the fruits of sin, sickness, and death.

Ought we not then to judge the knowledge thus obtained to be untrue and dangerous, since 'the tree is known by its fruit'?"

There is an effort on the part of the "remnant" to escape sensuality in its many gravitational forms. When we gather ourselves into this garment of the Christ, we are lifted above materiality. However, the serpent [old theology] would attempt to seduce us earthward.

In Revelation, chapter 11, we read, "And I will give power unto my two witnesses, and they shall prophesy a thousand two hundred and three score days, clothed in sackcloth. These are the two olive trees, and the two candlesticks standing before the God of the earth. . . [notice the candles on the heads of these figures in picture 5] And when they shall have finished their testimony, the beast that ascendeth out of the bottomless pit shall make war against them and shall overcome them [the two witnesses], and kill them. . . And they that dwell upon the earth shall rejoice over them, and make merry, and shall send gifts one to another; because these two prophets tormented them that dwelt on the earth. [This merrymaking and gift giving is portrayed in the previous picture "Christmas Eve."] And after three days and an half the spirit of life from God entered into them [into the two witnesses], and they stood upon their feet; and great fear fell upon them which saw them. . . And they ascended up to heaven in a cloud; and their enemies beheld them."

In this 5th picture, the witnesses have risen up. Notice that they have risen out of a sepulcher where the sensuous world [belief] thought it had buried them in other words, kept them misunderstood, obscure, and unknown. They are risen up out of that sepulcher, and the rock of coldness and stubbornness to Truth's advanced appearing has been rolled away. They are raised up by their followers, a small remnant, who understand their place and mission. [You, the reader, now understand their place and mission.]

In Miscellany, Mrs. Eddy writes: "Are we still searching diligently to find where the young child lies, and are we satisfied to know that our sense of Truth is not demoralized, finitized, cribbed, or cradled, but has risen to grasp the spiritual idea unenvironed by materiality? Can we say with the angels today: 'He is risen; he is not here; behold the place where they laid him'?" (ibid. p 122).

Science and Health states, "Christian Science is dawning upon a material age. The great spiritual facts of being, like rays of light, shine in the darkness, though the darkness, comprehending them not, may deny their reality" (p. 546). These rays, spiritual facts of being, are clearly shown in this picture, and are being witnessed by the two witnesses. Notice the rays coming from the dome of The Mother Church extension, which, at the time this illustration came out, was about thirteen years in [the future].

The river in this picture, Judge Hanna tells us, is Euphrates. On this side of the bridge, we have "A state of mortal thought, the only error of which is limitation: finity; the opposite of infinity" (S&H 585) The false concept of Euphrates is running along side the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, which is death and all the serpentine forms of error. One of the definitions of serpent serves to illustrate the point that the false sense of Euphrates is animal magnetism. "SERPENT: ...the first lie of limitation, finity." (S&H 594)

[As we know, our Leader often uses a dual definition for many of the terms in the Glossary, whether applied from the standpoint of the human, or that of the divine. The definition for "Euphrates" contains one of these "dual" definitions. In this "Explanation" the erroneous concept is brought forth first. How does this relate to Mary Baker Eddy's life? When she is seen simply as a good mortal from the standpoint of "limitation; finity; the opposite of infinity" our understanding is darkened. Yet, when Mrs. Eddy is seen correctly in relation to her discovery and "Church" as His infinite idea; how God sees her then we will see "Divine Science encompassing the universe and man; the true idea of God; a type of the glory which is to come; metaphysics taking the place of physics; the reign of righteousness."]

On the other side of the bridge, by the water, are the twelve sheep, eleven white and one black. The tree of life is in the midst of the garden. These twelve sheep symbolize the twelve tribes of Israel (See "Glossary" in Science and Health for definitions of various tribes.). Mrs. Eddy speaking of these twelve tribes in Science and Health says, "The twelve tribes of Israel with all mortals, separated by belief from man's divine origin and the true idea, will through much tribulation yield to the activities of the divine Principle of man in the harmony of Science" (p. 562).

The tree of life in the midst of the garden, in the midst of pleasure in matter, is in the firmament, understanding. However, its fruit is too high for mortals. Mortals cannot receive the Truth unless they recognize the two witnesses, get into their train, and become their followers.

The one black sheep is "animal magnetism; so-called mortal mind controlling mortal mind; error, working out the designs of error; one belief preying upon another" (S&H 583). This is the evil we must destroy before the witnesses can be recognized and healing come to humanity.

Notice that the two witnesses are watching and praying that mankind might awake from its dream of pleasure in matter, and follow them faithfully as these in their train have already done through vigorous strugglings with the serpent [old theology]. SHEEP is defined as: "Innocence; inoffensiveness; those who follow their leader" (S&H 594). There is one Shepherd and one fold. Mrs. Eddy, speaking of Christian Scientists, says, "Let them seek the lost sheep who having strayed from the true fold, have lost their great Shepherd and yearn to find living pastures and rest beside still waters."

In the definition of [the river] Euphrates, we read, "Divine Science encompassing the universe and man; the true idea of God; a type of the glory which is to come; metaphysics taking the place of physics; the reign of righteousness. The atmosphere of human belief before it accepts sin, sickness or death." Once we cross the bridge over Euphrates into metaphysics, we immediately see the luxuriant growth to the right of the bridge, but then we have to prove it all. Ahead are the difficulties and obstructions that would destroy our vision of the dawn of the Day. The path becomes narrower as it flows on. At its start, it is sin, depravity, birth, age, false education, death, etc., but upon crossing the bridge [into metaphysics] it immediately becomes narrow.

The crossing into metaphysics is at first a sweet taste in our mouth, but the bitterness to digest it is to come. In Mrs. Eddy's definition of "Year" as a space of time, we have the wrong definition of Euphrates (limitation and finity). We also have this statement: "One moment of divine consciousness, or the spiritual understanding of Life and Love, is a foretaste of eternity. This exalted view, obtained and retained when the Science of being is understood, would bridge over with life discerned spiritually the interval of death [the sepulcher] and man would be in the full consciousness of his immortality and eternal harmony, where sin, sickness, and death are unknown." That is the bridge we cross over. The path in this picture shows the destination, and what is to be overcome before the destination is reached.

Notice that there are the letters C.S. in the middle of the picture. The path is Christian and the river is Science.

Mrs. Eddy says, "Christian Science is dawning upon a material age. The great spiritual facts of being, like rays of light, shine in the darkness, though the darkness, comprehending them not, may deny their reality" (S&H 546).

If we do not recognize Mrs. Eddy as the second witness and as the Woman God-crowned, we are being handled by [ecclesiastical despotism], which is attempting to separate the revelator from the revelation. Alert Christian Scientists must handle this unseen mental argument. Our Cause will not prosper until this specific hatred against our Leader is handled.

Handle those tempting arguments to turn away from your precious Leader, the silent enticing arguments of [old theology]. The "murky clouds" that pursue the Christ idea are thus broken up; and the rays of light, the great spiritual facts of being, shine forth to illumine the world on the Day of divine Science, the Day of the Woman [Science].

We are not interested in the high mass, but in the "high morn."


This fifth illustration foretells the time when Christian Science shall cover the earth. In contrast with "Christmas Eve," picture number four, this picture, number 5, "Christmas Morning," has no babes, no cribs, no aged, or invalids, no crippled, no false states of consciousness. [The Christ is incorporeal, spiritual, yea, the divine image and likeness, dispelling the illusions of the senses; the Way, the Truth, and the Life.] The angels (the two witnesses, Christ Jesus and Christian Science) behold the earth mantled with Christian Science. The roadway "The Christ [which] is...the Way, the Truth, and the Life" forms the letter "C", while the river "Divine Science" (S&H 585:16), "the course of Truth" (S&H 593:15-16) shines forth the letter "S". The dome in the light is prophetic of the Mother Church extension, signifying the extension of Mary Baker Eddy's teaching into all the world [when she is seen correctly, thus the first part of the definition of "Euphrates" is realized].

 The eighth-graders will be presenting Shakespeare's Hamlet in the church basement on Friday at 7 p.m. The congregation is invited to attend this tragedy.


Star of Boston book sections

Introduction | Part 1a | Part 1b | Part 2 | Part 3

Christ & Christmas Pictures

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11

Summary | Conclusion



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