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Christian Science versus Pantheism

Christian Science




Mary Baker Eddy

Pastor Emeritus of The First Church of Christ, Scientist

Boston, and Author of Science and Health

with Key to the Scriptures

Published by the

Trustees under the Will of Mary Baker G. Eddy

Boston, U.S.A.

Copyright, 1898

By Mary Baker G. Eddy

Copyright renewed, 1926


All rights reserved

Printed in the United States of America


Christian Science versus Pantheism



SUBJECT: Not Pantheism, but Christian Science

BELOVED brethren, since last you gathered at the

6 feast of our Passover, the winter winds have come
and gone; the rushing winds of March have shrieked and
hummed their hymns; the frown and smile of April, the

laugh of May, have fled; and the roseate blush of joyous
June is here and ours.

In unctuous unison with nature, mortals are hoping and

12 working, putting off outgrown, wornout, or soiled gar-
ments - the pleasures and pains of sensation and the
sackcloth of waiting - for the springtide of Soul. For
15 what a man seeth he hopeth not for, but hopeth for what
he hath not seen, and waiteth patiently the appearing
thereof. The night is far spent, and day is not distant in

the horizon of Truth - even the day when all people
shall know and acknowledge one God and one Christianity.

Page 2



At this period of enlightenment, a declaration from the

3 pulpit that Christian Science is pantheism is anomalous to
those who know whereof they speak - who know that
Christian Science is Science, and therefore is neither
6 hypothetical nor dogmatical, but demonstrable, and
looms above the mists of pantheism higher than Mt.
Ararat above the deluge.


According to Webster the word "pantheism" is de-
rived from two Greek words meaning "all" and "god."

12 Webster's derivation of the English word "pantheism" is
most suggestive. His uncapitalized word "god" gives
the meaning of pantheism as a human opinion of "gods
15 many," or mind in matter. "The doctrine that the uni-
verse, conceived of as a whole, is God; that there is no
God but the combined forces and laws which are mani-

fested in the existing universe."

The Standard Dictionary has it that pantheism is the
doctrine of the deification of natural causes, conceived as


one personified nature, to which the religious sentiment is

Pan is a Greek prefix, but it might stand, in the term


pantheism, for the mythological deity of that name; and
theism for a belief concerning Deity in theology. How-
ever, Pan in imagery is preferable to pantheism in theology.

Page 3

1 The mythical deity may please the fancy, while pantheism
suits not at all the Christian sense of religion. Pan, as a
3 deity, is supposed to preside over sylvan solitude, and is a
horned and hoofed animal, half goat and half man, that
poorly presents the poetical phase of the genii of forests.(1)
6 My sense of nature's rich glooms is, that loneness lacks
but one charm to make it half divine - a friend, with
whom to whisper, "Solitude is sweet." Certain moods
9 of mind find an indefinable pleasure in stillness, soft,
silent as the storm's sudden hush; for nature's stillness
is voiced with a hum of harmony, the gentle murmur of

early morn, the evening's closing vespers, and lyre of bird
and brooklet.

"O sacred solitude! divine retreat!

15 Choice of the prudent! envy of the great!
By thy pure stream, or in thy evening shade,
We court fair wisdom, that celestial maid."
18 Theism is the belief in the personality and infinite mind
of one supreme, holy, self-existent God, who reveals Him-
self supernaturally to His creation, and whose laws are

not reckoned as science. In religion, it is a belief in one
God, or in many gods. It is opposed to atheism and

(1) In Roman mythology (one of my girlhood studies), Pan stood

24 for "universal nature proceeding from the divine Mind and provi-
dence, of which heaven, earth, sea, the eternal fire, are so many mem-
bers." Pan was the god of shepherds and hunters, leader of the
27 nymphs, president of the mountains, patron of country life, and guar-
dian of flocks and herds. His pipe of seven reeds denotes the celestial
harmony of the seven planets; his shepherd's crook, that care and

providence by which he governs the universe; his spotted skin, the

stars; his goat's feet, the solidity of the earth; his man-face, the
celestial world.

Page 4

1 monotheism, but agrees with certain forms of pantheism
and polytheism. It is the doctrine that the universe owes
3 its origin and continuity to the reason, intellect, and will of
a self-existent divine Being, who possesses all wisdom,
goodness, and power, and is the creator and preserver of


A theistic theological belief may agree with physics and
anatomy that reason and will are properly classified as

9 mind, located in the brain; also, that the functions of
these faculties depend on conditions of matter, or brain,
for their proper exercise. But reason and will are human;
12 God is divine. In academics and in religion it is patent
that will is capable of use and of abuse, of right and wrong
action, while God is incapable of evil; that brain is matter,
15 and that there are many so-called minds; that He is the
creator of man, but that man also is a creator, making
two creators; but God is Mind and one.


God, Spirit, is indeed the preserver of man. Then, in

21 the words of the Hebrew singer, "Why art thou cast down,
O my soul? and why art thou disquieted within me? hope
thou in God: for I shall yet praise Him, who is the health
24 of my countenance, and my God. . . . Who forgiveth
all thine iniquities; who healeth all thy diseases." This
being the case, what need have we of drugs, hygiene, and

medical therapeutics, if these are not man's preservers?
By admitting self-evident affirmations and then contra-

Page 5

1 dicting them, monotheism is lost and pantheism is found
in scholastic theology. Can a single quality of God,

Spirit, be discovered in matter? The Scriptures plainly
declare, "The Word was God;" and "all things were

made by Him," - the Word. What, then, can matter


create, or how can it exist?


Did God create evil? or is evil self-existent, and so

9 possessed of the nature of God, good? Since evil is not
self-made, who or what hath made evil? Our Master
gave the proper answer for all time to this hoary query.
12 He said of evil: "Ye are of your father, the devil, and the
lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from
the beginning, and abode not in the truth [God], because
15 here is no truth [reality] in him [evil] . When he speaketh
a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father
of it [a lie]."
18 Jesus' definition of devil (evil) explains evil. It shows
that evil is both liar and lie, a delusion and illusion. There-
fore we should neither believe the lie, nor believe that it
21 hath embodiment or power; in other words, we should
not believe that a lie, nothing, can be something, but deny
it and prove its falsity. After this manner our Master cast
24 out evil, healed the sick, and saved sinners. Knowing
that evil is a lie, and, as the Scripture declares, brought
sin, sickness, and death into the world, Jesus treated the

lie summarily. He denied it, cast it out of mortal mind,
and thus healed sickness and sin. His treatment of evil

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1 and disease, Science will restore and establish, - first,
because it was more effectual than all other means; and,

second, because evil and disease will never disappear in
any other way.

Finally, brethren, let us continue to denounce evil as the

6 illusive claim that God is not supreme, and continue to
fight it until it disappears, - but not as one that beateth
the mist, but lifteth his head above it and putteth his foot

upon a lie.



Mosaic theism introduces evil, first, in the form of a

12 talking serpent, contradicting the word of God and thereby
obtaining social prestige, a large following, and changing
the order and harmony of God's creation. But the higher
15 criticism is not satisfied with this theism, and asks, If God
is infinite good, what and where is evil? And if Spirit
made all that was made, how can matter be an intelligent
18 creator or coworker with God? Again: Did one Mind,
or two minds, enter into the Scriptural allegory, in the
colloquy between good and evil, God and a serpent? - and
21 if two minds, what becomes of theism in Christianity? For
if God, good, is Mind, and evil also is mind, the Christian
religion has at least two Gods. If Spirit is sovereign, how

can matter be force or law; and if God, good, is omnipo-
tent, what power hath evil?

It is plain that elevating evil to the altitude of mind gives


it power, and that the belief in more than one spirit, if

Page 7

1 Spirit, God, is infinite, breaketh the First Commandment
in the Decalogue.
3 Science shows that a plurality of minds, or intelligent
matter, signifies more than one God, and thus prevents the
demonstration that the healing Christ, Truth, gave and

gives in proof of the omnipotence of one divine, infinite

Does not the theism or belief, that after God, Spirit, had

9 created all things spiritually, a material creation took
place, and God, the preserver of man, declared that man
should die, lose the character and sovereignty of Jehovah,

and hint the gods of paganism?


We know of but three theistic religions, the Mosaic, the

15 Christian, and the Mohammedan. Does not each of these
religions mystify the absolute oneness and infinity of God,
18 A close study of the Old and New Testaments in con-
nection with the original text indicates, in the third chap-
ter of Genesis, a lapse in the Mosaic religion, wherein
21 theism seems meaningless, or a vague apology for con-
tradictions. It certainly gives to matter and evil reality
and power, intelligence and law, which implies Mind,

Spirit, God; and the logical sequence of this error is idol-
atry - other gods.

Again: The hypothesis of mind in matter, or more than


one Mind, lapses into evil dominating good, matter govern-
ing Mind, and makes sin, disease, and death inevitable,

Page 8

1 despite of Mind, or by the consent of Mind! Next, it
follows that the disarrangement of matter causes a man to
3 be mentally deranged; and the Babylonian sun god, moon
god, and sin god find expression in sun worship, lunacy,
sin, and mortality.
6 Does not the belief that Jesus, the man of Galilee, is
God, imply two Gods, one the divine, infinite Person, the
other a human finite personality? Does not the belief
9 that Mary was the mother of God deny the self-existence
of God? and does not the doctrine that Mohammed is
the only prophet of God infringe the sacredness of one

Christ Jesus?


Christianity, as taught and demonstrated in the first

15 century by our great Master, virtually annulled the so-
called laws of matter, idolatry, pantheism, and polytheism.
Christianity then had one God and one law, namely,
18 divine Science. It said, "Call no man your father upon
the earth, for one is your Father, which is in heaven."
Speaking of himself, Jesus said, "My Father is greater
21 than I." Christianity, as he taught and demonstrated it,
must ever rest on the basis of the First Commandment and
love for man.
24 The doctrines that embrace pantheism, polytheism, and
paganism are admixtures of matter and Spirit, truth and
error, sickness and sin, life and death. They make man

the servant of matter, living by reason of it, suffering be-
cause of it, and dying in consequence of it. They con-

Page 9

1 stantly reiterate the belief of pantheism, that mind "sleeps
in the mineral, dreams in the animal, and wakes in man. "
3 "Infinite Spirit" means one God and His creation, and
no reality in aught else. The term "spirits" means more
than one Spirit; - in paganism they stand for gods; in

spiritualism they imply men and women; and in Christian-
ity they signify a good Spirit and an evil spirit.

Is there a religion under the sun that hath demonstrated

9 one God and the four first rules pertaining thereto, namely,
"Thou shalt have no other gods before me;" "Love thy
neighbor as thyself;" "Be ye therefore perfect, even as

your Father which is in heaven is perfect;" "Whosoever
liveth and believeth in me shall never die." (John xi. 26.)

What mortal to-day is wise enough to do himself no

15 harm, to hinder not the attainment of scientific Chris-
tianity? Whoever demonstrates the highest humanity, -
long-suffering, self-surrender, and spiritual endeavor to
18 bless others, - ought to be aided, not hindered, in his
holy mission. I would kiss the feet of such a messenger,
for to help such a one is to help one's self. The demon-
21 stration of Christianity blesses all mankind. It loves one's
neighbor as one's self; it loves its enemies - and this
love benefits its enemies (though they believe it not), and

rewards its possessor; for, "If ye love them which love you,
what reward have ye?"



From a material standpoint, the best of people some-
times object to the philosophy of Christian Science, on the

Page 10

1 ground that it takes away man's personality and makes
man less than man. But what saith the apostle? - even
3 this: "If a man think himself to be something, when he is
nothing, he deceiveth himself." The great Nazarene
Prophet said, "By their fruits ye shall know them :" then,
6 if the effects of Christian Science on the lives of men
be thus judged, we are sure the honest verdict of hu-
manity will attest its uplifting power, and prevail over the

opposite notion that Christian Science lessens man's in-

The students at the Massachusetts Metaphysical Col-

12 lege, generally, were the average man and woman. But
after graduation, the best students in the class averred
that they were stronger and better than before it. With
15 twelve lessons or less, the present and future of those stu-
dents had wonderfully broadened and brightened before
them, thus proving the utility of what they had been taught.
18 Christian Scientists heal functional, organic, chronic, and
acute diseases that M.D.'s have failed to heal; and,
better still, they reform desperate cases of intemperance,
21 tobacco using, and immorality, which, we regret to say,
other religious teachers are unable to effect. All this is
accomplished by the grace of God, - the effect of God
24 understood. A higher manhood is manifest, and never
lost, in that individual who finds the highest joy, - there-
fore no pleasure in loathsome habits or in sin, and no
27 necessity for disease and death. Whatever promotes
statuesque being, health, and holiness does not degrade
man's personality. Sin, sickness, appetites, and passions,

constitute no part of man, but obscure man. Therefore it

Page 11

1 required the divinity of our Master to perceive the real
man, and to cast out the unreal or counterfeit. It caused
3 St. Paul to write, - "Lie not one to another, seeing that
ye have put off the old man with his deeds; and have put
on the new man, which is renewed in knowledge after

the image of Him that created him."

Was our Master mistaken in judging a cause by its
effects? Shall the opinions, systems, doctrines, and dog-

9 mas of men gauge the animus of man? or shall his stature
in Christ, Truth, declare him? Governed by the divine
Principle of his being, man is perfect. When will the
12 schools allow mortals to turn from clay to Soul for the
model? The Science of being, understood and obeyed,
will demonstrate man to be superior to the best church-
15 member or moralist on earth, who understands not this
Science. If man is spiritually fallen, it matters not what
he believes; he is not upright, and must regain his native

spiritual stature in order to be in proper shape, as certainly
as the man who falls physically needs to rise again.

Mortals, content with something less than perfection -

21 the original standard of man - may believe that evil de-
velops good, and that whatever strips off evil's disguise be-
littles man's personality. But God enables us to know that
24 evil is not the medium of good, and that good supreme de-
stroys all sense of evil, obliterates the lost image that
mortals are content to call man, and demands man's un-

fallen spiritual perfectibility.

The grand realism that man is the true image of God,
not fallen or inverted, is demonstrated by Christian Science.


And because Christ's dear demand, "Be ye therefore

Page 12

1 perfect," is valid, it will be found possible to fulfil it. Then
also will it be learned that good is not educed from evil,
3 but comes from the rejection of evil and its modus operandi.
Our scholarly expositor of the Scriptures, Lyman Abbott,
D.D., writes, "God, Spirit, is ever in universal nature."
6 Then, we naturally ask, how can Spirit be constantly pass-
ing out of mankind by death - for the universe includes


This closing century, and its successors, will make strong
claims on religion, and demand that the inspired Scriptural

12 commands be fulfilled. The altitude of Christianity open-
eth, high above the so-called laws of matter, a door that no
man can shut; it showeth to all peoples the way of escape
15 from sin, disease, and death; it lifteth the burden of sharp
experience from off the heart of humanity, and so lighteth
the path that he who entereth it may run and not weary,
18 and walk, not wait by the roadside, - yea, pass gently on
without the alterative agonies whereby the way-seeker
gains and points the path.
21 The Science of Christianity is strictly monotheism, -
it has ONE GOD. And this divine infinite Principle,
noumenon and phenomena, is demonstrably the self-
24 existent Life, Truth, Love, substance, Spirit, Mind, which
includes all that the term implies, and is all that is real and
eternal. Christian Science is irrevocable - unpierced

by bold conjecture's sharp point, by bald philosophy, or
by man's inventions. It is divinely true, and every hour

Page 13

1 in time and in eternity will witness more steadfastly to its
practical truth. And Science is not pantheism, but Chris-

tian Science.

Chief among the questions herein, and nearest my
heart, is this: When shall Christianity be demonstrated

6 according to Christ, in these words: "Neither shall they
say, Lo, here! or, lo there! for, behold, the kingdom of
God is within you"?


Beloved brethren, the love of our loving Lord was never
more manifest than in its stern condemnation of all error,

12 wherever found. I counsel thee, rebuke and exhort one
another. Love all Christian churches for the gospel's
sake; and be exceedingly glad that the churches are united
15 in purpose, if not in method, to close the war between
flesh and Spirit, and to fight the good fight till God's will
be witnessed and done on earth as in heaven.
18 Sooner or later all shall know Him, recognize the great
truth that Spirit is infinite, and find life in Him in whom
we do "live, and move, and have our being" - life in
21 Life, all in All. Then shall all nations, peoples, and
tongues, in the words of St Paul, have "one God and
Father of all, who is above all, and through all, and in

you all." (Ephesians iv. 6.)

Have I wearied you with the mysticism of opposites?
Truly there is no rest in them, and I have only traversed


my subject that you may prove for yourselves the unsub-

Page 14

1 stantial nature of whatever is unlike good, weigh a sigh,
and rise into the rest of righteousness with its triumphant



Once more I write, Set your affections on things above;
love one another; commune at the table of our Lord in one

6 spirit; worship in spirit and in truth; and if daily adoring,
imploring, and living the divine Life, Truth, Love, thou
shalt partake of the bread that cometh down from heaven,

drink of the cup of salvation, and be baptized in Spirit.


Pray for the prosperity of our country, and for her vic-

12 tory under arms; that justice, mercy, and peace continue
to characterize her government, and that they shall rule all
nations. Pray that the divine presence may still guide and
15 bless our chief magistrate, those associated with his execu-
tive trust, and our national judiciary; give to our congress
wisdom, and uphold our nation with the right arm of His


In your peaceful homes remember our brave soldiers,
whether in camp or in battle.(1) Oh, may their love of coun-

21 try, and their faithful service thereof, be unto them life-
preservers! May the divine Love succor and protect
them, as at Manila, where brave men, led by the dauntless
24 Dewey, and shielded by the power that saved them, sailed
victoriously through the jaws of death and blotted out the
Spanish squadron.

Great occasion have we to rejoice that our nation, which

(1) This refers to the war between United States and Spain for
the liberty of Cuba.

Page 15

1 fed her starving foe, - already murdering her peaceful
seamen and destroying millions of her money, - will be

as formidable in war as she has been compassionate in

May our Father-Mother God, who in times past hath

6 spread for us a table in the wilderness and "in the midst
of our enemies," establish us in the most holy faith, plant
our feet firmly on Truth, the rock of Christ, the "substance

of things hoped for" - and fill us with the life and under-
standing of God, and good will towards men.


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